During World War i, the English and Germans spontaneously got out of their trenches and celebrated Christmas together with each other, and on the sidelines Andrew was shouting No! Quick, shoot them before they shoot you! But they didnt listen. All I will say in way of explaining these miraculous equilibria is that they seem to have something to do with inheriting a cultural norm and not screwing. Punishing the occasional defector seems to be a big part of not screwing. How exactly that cultural norm came to be is less clear to me, but it might have something to do with the reasons why an entire civilizations bureaucrats may suddenly turn 100 honest at the same time. Im pretty sure Im supposed to say the words timeless decision theory around this point too, and perhaps bring up the kind of Platonic contract that I have written about previously. I think most of our useful social norms exist through a combination of divine grace and reciprocal communitarianism.
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When I lived in Ireland, one of my friends was a pro-life Christian. I thought she was responsible for the unnecessary suffering of millions of women. She thought I was responsible for killing millions of babies. And yet she invited me over to her house for dinner without poisoning the food. And i ate it, and thanked her, and sent online her a nice card, without smashing all her china. Please try not grain to be insufficiently surprised by this. Every time a republican and a democrat break bread together with good will, it is a miracle. It is an equilibrium as beneficial as civilization or liberalism, which developed in the total absence of any central enforcing authority. When you look for these equilibria, there are lots and lots. Andrew says there is no honor among foes, but if you read the Iliad or any other account of ancient warfare, there is practically nothing but honor among foes, and it wasnt generated by some sort of Homeric version of the geneva convention, it just.
I know of two main ways: reciprocal communitarianism, and divine grace. Reciprocal communitarianism is probably how altruism evolved. Some mammal started running tit-for-tat, the program where you cooperate with anyone whom you expect to cooperate with you. Gradually you form a successful community of cooperators. The defectors either join your community and agree to play by your rules or get outcompeted. Divine grace is more complicated. I was tempted to call it spontaneous order until I remembered the rationalist proverb that if you dont understand something, you need to call it by a term that reminds you that dont understand it or else youll think youve pdf explained it when youve just. But consider the following: i am a pro-choice atheist.
Youre going to business say that agreeing not to spread malicious lies about each other would also be a civilized and beneficial system. Like maybe the Protestants could stop saying that the catholics worshipped the devil, and the catholics could stop saying the Protestants hate the virgin Mary, and they could both relax the whole thing about the jews baking the blood of Christian children into their matzah. But your two examples were about contracts written on paper and enforced by the government. So maybe a no malicious lies amendment to the constitution would work if it were enforceable, which it isnt, but just asking people to stop spreading malicious lies is doomed from the start. The jews will no doubt spread lies against us, so if we stop spreading lies about them, all were doing is abandoning an effective weapon against a religion I personally know to be heathenish! Rationalists should win, so put the blood libel on the front page of every newspaper! Or, as Andrew puts it: Whether or not i use certain weapons has zero impact on whether or not those weapons are used against me, and people who think they do are either appealing to a kind of vague kantian morality that I think. So lets talk about how beneficial game-theoretic equilibria can come to exist even in the absence of centralized enforcers.
I go around trying to pass laws banning Protestant worship and preventing people from condemning Catholicism. Unfortunately, maybe the next government in power is a protestant government, and they pass laws banning Catholic worship and preventing people from condemning Protestantism. No one can securely practice their own religion, no one can learn about other religions, people are constantly plotting civil war, academic freedom is severely curtailed, and once again the country goes down the toilet. So again we make an agreement. I wont use the apparatus of government against Protestantism, you dont use the apparatus of government against Catholicism. The specific American example is the first Amendment and the general case is called liberalism, or to be dramatic about it, civilization.0 every case in which both sides agree to lay down their weapons and be nice to each other has corresponded to spectacular. Wait a second, no! I see where youre going with this.
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So lets derive why violence is not in fact The One True best way to solve all Our Problems. You can get most of this from. Hobbes, but this blog post will be shorter. Suppose i am a radical Catholic who believes all Protestants deserve to die, and therefore go list around killing Protestants. So far, so good. Unfortunately, there might be some radical Protestants around who believe all Catholics deserve to die.
If there werent before, there probably are now. So they go around killing Catholics, were both unhappy and/or dead, horse our economy tanks, hundreds of innocent people end up as collateral damage, and our country goes down the toilet. So we make an agreement: I wont kill any more catholics, you dont kill any more Protestants. The specific Irish example was called the good Friday agreement and the general case is called civilization. So then I try to destroy the hated Protestants using the government.
Im sure a smart person like you can think of clever exciting new ways to commit the perfect murder. Unless you do not believe there will ever be an opportunity to defect unpunished, you need this sort of social contract to take you at least some of the way. He continues: When Scott calls rhetorical tactics he dislikes bullets and denigrates them it actually hilariously plays right into this pointto be pro-bullet or anti-bullet is ridiculous. Bullets, as you say, are neutral. I am in favor of my side using bullets as best they can to destroy the enemys ability to use bullets.
In a war, a real war, a war for survival, you use all the weapons in your arsenal because you assume the enemy will use all the weapons in theirs. Because you understand that it is a war. There are a lot of things i am tempted to say to this. Like and that is why the United States immediately nukes every country it goes to war with. Or And that is why the geneva convention was so obviously impossible that no one even bothered to attend the conference. Or And that is why, to this very day, we solve every international disagreement through total war. Or And that is why martin Luther King was immediately reduced to a nonentity, and we remember the weathermen as the sole people responsible for the success of the civil rights movement. But I think what i am actually going to say is that, for the love of God, if you like bullets so much, stop using them as a metaphor for spreading false statistics and go buy a gun.
The Plea bargain Essay - 1305 Words bartleby
I think that discourse based on mud-slinging and falsehoods is detrimental to society. But really, all this talk of lying and spreading rumors about people is what was Andrews terminology pussyfooting around with debate-team nonsense. You know who got things done? They didnt agree with the British occupation of Northern Ireland and they werent afraid to let people know in that very special way salon only a nail-bomb shoved through your window at night can. Why not assassinate prominent racist and sexist politicians and intellectuals? I wont name names since that would be crossing a line, but Im sure you can generate several of them who are sufficiently successful and charismatic that, if knocked off, there would not be an equally competent racist or sexist immediately available to replace them. Other people can appeal to the social contract or the general civilizational rule not to use violence, but not Andrew: I think that whether or not i use certain weapons has zero impact on whether or not those weapons are used against me, and people. And dont give me that nonsense about the police.
I wouldnt be showing respect for Andrews arguments. I wouldnt be going halfway to meet them on their own terms. The respectful way to rebut Andrews argument would be to spread malicious lies about Andrew to a couple of media outlets, fan the flames, and wait for them to destroy his reputation. Then if readings the stress ends up bursting an aneurysm in his brain, i can dance on his grave, singing: i won this debate in a very effective manner. Now you cant argue in favor of nasty debate tactics any more. Im not going to do that, but if I did its unclear to me how Andrew could object. I mean, he thinks that sexism is detrimental to society, so spreading lies and destroying people is justified in order to stop.
exactly the kind of thing that social justice activists like me *intend* to attack and trigger when we use triggery catchphrases about the mewling pusillanimity of privileged white allies. In other words, if a fight is important to you, fight nasty. If that means lying, lie. If that means insults, insult. If that means silencing people, silence. It always makes me happy when my ideological opponents come out and say eloquently and openly what ive always secretly suspected them of believing. My natural instinct is to give some of the reasons why i think Andrew is wrong, starting with the history of the noble lie concept and moving on to some examples of why it didnt work very well, and why it might not be expected. But in a way, that would be assuming the conclusion.
Content warning: Discussion of social justice, discussion of violence, spoilers for Jacqueline carey books. Edit 10/25: This post was inspired by a debate with a friend of a friend on Facebook who has since become somewhat famous. Ive renamed him here to Andrew Cord to protect his identity. Andrew Cord criticizes me for my bold and controversial suggestion that maybe people should try to tell slightly fewer blatant hurtful lies: I just find it kind of darkly amusing and sad that the rationalist community loves rationality is winning so much as a tagline. And then complain paper about losing rather than changing their tactics to match those of people who are winning. Which is probably because if you *really* want to be the kind of person who wins you have to actually care about winning something, which means you have to have politics, which means you have to embrace politics the mindkiller and politics is war and. That post the one debunking false rape statistics is exactly my problem with Scott. He seems to honestly think that its a worthwhile use of his time, energy and mental effort to download evil peoples evil worldviews into his mind and try to analytically debate them with statistics and cost-benefit analyses.
Plea bargaining Essay - 828 Words
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