Do you support the United Nations because you believe the communist position to be false? Have you told the truth? Personnel: Cho, kakyong 9 nov 50 Age 24, single, 3rd year student seoul National University. About 1 month experience as interpreter with 24th Army. Polygraph examination - no significant -6- response to critical questions. Wu, gomyong 9 nov 50 Age 24, single, 3rd year student Korean University. No experience as translator or interpreter.
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Did you have something to inspiration eat today? Are you now a member of any communist organization? Have you friends or relatives who are communist? Have you relatives who have been Communist in the past? Have you ever been fired from a job because of dishonesty? Have you ever been fired from a job because of disloyalty? Have you at any time given aid to the north Korean Army? Have you traveled to enemy territory for the purpose of giving aid to the enemy? Have you at any time in recent months wished North Korea to win the war? Have you at any time considered joining the north Korean forces?
After careful analysis of the polygraph Examinations given the 25 interpreter-translator group of Korean Nationals it is the opinion of the writer that the korean National does not present any special or different problem of interpretation insofar as the polygraph Technique is concerned. If judgment can be made from the limited number of examinations given, it is then the opinion of the writer that Korean Nationals react as definitely and positively as do persons of the White race. Haney oro, eusak -5- headquarters Eighth United States Army, korea (eusak) Operations Research Office apo 301 14 november 1950 TO:. Haney subject: Polygraph Examination of Interpreters and Translators place: Chaplain's Office - mitsui building - 4th Floor sac area dates: november 1950 questions used: presentation Is your name? Are you now living in seoul? Are you loyal to the republic of Korea? Have you ever been associated with any communist organization?
Whitson, after they were submitted to G2 Section (eusak) which has in turn approved them. Kim translated the English into korean. On november 7, 1950 the writer made arrangements with. Jones, Chaplain sac area, for use of space in his office in the mitsui building for the purpose of giving Polygraph tests to the interpreter-translators. On the same date arrangement was made with. Harkness for the scheduling of the examinations which were to begin on 9 november 1950 and real to continue until examinations were completed. Examinations were given on the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 13th november as per arrangement. Report of these examinations is submitted separately.
Report of cases korean Nationals Chinese communist headquarters Eighth United States Army, korea (eusak) -4- operations research office apo 301 14 november 1950 subject: Polygraph Examination To:. Examinations given with results summarized in separate report. Opinion as to and the reliability of test given to korean Nationals. On 6 november 1950 it was decided that Korean Translators-Interpreters should be examined by the polygraph Technique. A list of fifteen questions was compiled. Kendall, the writer and. These questions were passed on and approved by the director,.
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Thus, draw he assembled the first conglomeration of instruments subsequently described as the polygraph. It was the writer's privilege to have been associated with Larson in the first and later experiments with the polygraph both at Berkeley and subsequently at the Institute for juvenile research in Chicago. Sometime in 1922 or 1923, larson reported on some 100 cases of the questioning of criminal suspects. He subsequently read a paper on the polygraph examination of Asiatics, reporting that these subjects presented no special or unusual problem of polygraph curve interpretation. In 1931, larson and the writer published a reference work "Lying and its detection" which summarized the work done to the above mentioned date. Subsequently to the early experiments at Berkeley, keeler, then an undergraduate at Stanford, devised a polygraph which proved to be far more efficient and compact than the earlier Berkeley polygraph.
It is the keeler Polygraph or one of several of its modifications that has had the most extensive use in the field since. Later both keeler and the writer established laboratories in Chicago offering polygraph service to law enforcement agencies and to business organizations. These laboratories examined thousands of cases with rather marked success. It was likewise in one or the other of these laboratories that a majority of the present day polygraph operators were trained. Chatham, first working for ten years as polygraph examiner for the Indianapolis Police department, later, formed a group of skilled operators for the purpose of examining personnel employed or associated with the Atomic Energy commission. This operation is by far the most extensive and highly coordinated use to which the polygraph technique has been employed. It is the privilege of the writer to be associated with Chatham on this project.
This application of the technique is purely a matter of the adequate training and supervision of personnel and the meeting of certain physical conditions necessary for efficient operation. Historical background early experiments in the field of physiology and psychology indicates that there are accompanying physiological changes with changes in emotional states. Early Chinese writers noted that the guilty suspect paled or flushed during questioning about his crime. Other experimenters noted the inhibition of the flow of saliva in the mouth of the guilty suspect. Pavlov's conditioned reflex experiments with dogs is experimental proof of the point in question. Benussi has shown that there exists a definite inspiration - expiration ratio in the breathing curve resulting when the subject attempts to lie.
Lombroso in his early work on criminal types observes that certain physiological changes in the heart action and breathing mechanism occur during the questioning of the guilty suspect. Marston working with Army recruits in 1915 reported that deception colud be detected to a high degree of accuracy by the use of a simple blood pressure measuring device. His method was to take several blood pressure readings immediately before the asking of a critical question and to take readings immediately after the subject had lied in response to the question. In 1921 Larson, then a research student at the University of California and an officer of the berkeley police department, undertook a further investigation of the deception phenomena reported by marston. Larson reasoned that if Marston was able to detect deception to a high degree of accuracy using an intermittent method of blood pressure reading than sic any method which employed a continuous reading of the blood pressure curve would miss nothing and might add considerable. He had reviewed the work of Benussi and decided a continuous curve of respiratory change indications would also be of good use for diagnostic purposes. To this end he joined together several well known instruments namely, the erlanger sphygmomanometer, an instrument for the continuous measurement of blood pressure; 2 Marey tambours, from which he devised a pneumograph for the effective measurement of breathing -3- differences; a kymograph, for the constant.
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Certain experimenters have spent considerable research time in the investigation of galvanometric changes of skin resistance to the passage of weak electrical currents. It is gender the writer's experience and opinion that these experiments have not indicated results which can be helpful to the polygraph detection of deception technique. In other words, insofar as the writer's experience is concerned, the use of an instrument which measures continuously systolic blood pressure changes and changes of respiratory activity is still sufficient and best for the efficient operation of the detection of deception technique. The mechanics of operation of the modern polygraph may be taught in a few days but the instruction in the interpretation of the polygraph charts is not such a simple procedure. To the writer's knowledge, there are at least 80 or more variations of systolic blood pressure and breathing recordings which may occur in any series of examinations. Fortunately for the trainee in the technique only about 12 of these variations occur in the majority of polygraph recordings. 2- The efficiency and accuracy of the polygraph operator is directly reviews related to his experience in the field. Other conditions being equal the operator who has conducted one thousand polygraph examinations has a lower degree of error than he who has conducted one hundred examinations. In this writer's opinion, the use of the polygraph technique, toward the solution of certain personnel problems of the Armed forces, is entirely feasible.
The writer has been interested in and associated with the work involving polygraph examinations since the first experiments conducted at the berkeley california police department in 1921. His experience has covered some 29 years of annual polygraph examinations of criminal suspects: examination of applicants for positions of importance with commercial companies: and research on the use and validity of these polygraph techniques. The writer has always insisted that the polygraph detection of deception technique has a definite but limited purpose and use whether it be in the criminological field or in the field of personnel examination or industry. In the police field its best and most efficient use has been in the elimination of the innocent suspect from the body of the investigation. In the commercial field its best use has ben in the examination of the applicant for the position in question - the applicant being questioned as to his past activity rather than that of his future intentions. The polygraph technique involves the measurement of pressure changes in systolic blood pressure and changes of respiratory activity at the same time of the questioning of the subject. The above named changes occurring as a result of emotions aroused accompanying attempts at deception.
communists, recommendations. Training and supervision of an adequate body of polygraph operators. Possible uses of such a body of operators. Physical conditions necessary for adequate polygraph testing. Introduction, it is the purpose of this report to present the possible use of the polygraph detection deception sic technique to problems of personnel - examinations with special reference to g-2 operations and examination of suspects guilty of war crimes.
Org message board thread. Peer-review and the relevant/Irrelevant Technique? Project powow, oro-s-85, january 1951, staff Memorandum, report on the possible uses of the polygraph. And, supplemental report on the examination. Korean nationals and communist chinese business by, russell Chatham, Incorporated, operations Research Office, the johns Hopkins University 6410 Connecticut avenue. Chevy chase, maryland, second Printing, this iorking paper representing the opinion of the writer, and not necessarily that of oro. Staff Memorandum is preliminary, tentative and subject to revision and expansiion.
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Report on the book possible Uses of the polygraph. Org Home page reading room, the following document is a staff memorandum by polygraph pioneer george. Haney, then of the Operations Research Office-an organization at Johns Hopkins University that contracted exclusively with defense agencies. Click here to download this document in pdf format (899 kb). The report helps illustrate the lack of intellectual rigor behind the. Government's early decision to embrace polygraph screening. For further reading about the relevant/Irrelevant polygraph technique described in this report, see chapter. The lie behind the lie detector, and for discussion of this technique, see the AntiPolygraph.