Revival: The revival of the hebrew language as a spoken language by the entire nation, the renewal of the historical and spiritual might of Israel. The purification of the national character in the fire of revival. The temple: The building of the Third Temple as a symbol of the new era of total redemption. Relationship with fascism and socialism Unlike the left-wing Haganah and right-wing Irgun, lehi members were not a homogeneous collective with a single political, religious, or economic ideology. They were a combination of militants united by the goal of liberating the land of Israel from British rule. Most Lehi leaders defined their organization as an anti-imperialism movement and stated that their opposition to British colonial rule in Palestine was not based on a particular policy but rather on the presence of a foreign power over the homeland of the jewish people. Avraham Stern defined the British Mandate as "foreign rule" regardless of British policies and took a radical position against such imperialism even if it were to be benevolent.
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Conquest: The conquest of the homeland from foreign rule and its eternal possession. These are the tasks of the movement during business the period of sovereignty and redemption: sovereignty: Renewal of Hebrew sovereignty over the redeemed land. Rule of justice: The establishment of a social order in the spirit of Jewish morality and prophetic justice. Under such an order no one will go hungry or unemployed. All will live in harmony, mutual respect and friendship as an example to the world. Reviving the wilderness: build the ruins and revive the wilderness for mass immigration and population increase. Aliens: Solve the problem of alien population. The Arab inhabitants of Palestine by exchange of population. Ingathering of the exiles: Total in-gathering of the exiles to their sovereign state. Power: The hebrew nation shall become a first-rate military, political, cultural and economical entity in the middle east and around the mediterranean sea.
These are the goals of the organization during the period of war and conquest: education: Educate the nation to love freedom and zealously guard Israel's eternal patrimony. Inculcate the idea that the nation is master to its own fate. Revive the doctrine that "The sword and the book came bound together from heaven." ( Midrash vayikra rabba 35:8) unity: The unification of the entire nation around the banner of the hebrew freedom movement. The use resume of the genius, status and resources of individuals and the channeling of the energy, devotion and revolutionary fervour of the masses for the war of liberation. Pacts: make pacts with all those who are willing to help the struggle of the organization and provide direct support. Force: Consolidate and increase the fighting force in the homeland and in the diaspora, in the underground and in the barracks, to become the hebrew army of liberation with its flag, arms, and commanders. War: Constant war against those who stand in the way of fulfilling the goals.
The homeland: The homeland in the land of Israel within the borders delineated in the bible to your descendants, i shall give this land, from the river book of Egypt to the great Euphrates river." Genesis 15:18) This is the land of the living, where the. The nation and its land: Israel conquered the land with the sword. There it became a great nation and only there it will be reborn. Hence Israel alone has a right to that land. This is an absolute right. It has never expired and never will. The goals: Redemption of the land. Revival of the nation. There is no sovereignty without the redemption of the land, and there is no national revival without sovereignty.
So it was more efficient and more moral to go for selected targets. In any case, it was the only way we could operate, because we were so small. For us it was not a question of the professional honor of a soldier, it was the question of an idea, an aim that had to be achieved. We were aiming at a political goal. There are many examples of what we did to be found in the bible gideon and Samson, for instance. This had an influence on our thinking. And we also learned from the history of other peoples who fought for their freedom the russian and Irish revolutionaries, giuseppe garibaldi and Josip Broz tito. 33 18 Principles of Rebirth 18 Principles of Rebirth Avraham Stern laid out the ideology of Lehi in the essay 18 Principles of Rebirth : 34 the nation: The jewish people is a covenanted people, the originator of monotheism, formulator of the prophetic teachings, standard. The jewish people is schooled in self-sacrifice and suffering; its vision, survivability and faith in redemption are indestructible.
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Against the true terrorist who hides behind his piles of papers and the laws he has legislated. It is rabindranath not directed against people, it is directed against representatives. Therefore it is effective. If it also shakes the yishuv from their complacency, good and well. 32 Yitzhak shamir, one of the three leaders of Lehi after Avraham Stern's assassination, argued for the legitimacy of Lehi's actions: There are those who say that to kill.
Martin a cid sergeant who had recognised year Shamir in a lineup is terrorism, but to attack an army camp is guerrilla warfare and to bomb civilians is professional warfare. But I think it is the same from the moral point of view. Is it better to drop an atomic bomb on a city than to kill a handful of persons? I dont think. But nobody says that President Truman was a terrorist. All the men we went for individually wilkin, martin, macMichael and others were personally interested in succeeding in the fight against.
16 Stern and his followers believed that dying for the "foreign occupier" who was obstructing the creation of the jewish State was useless. They differentiated between "enemies of the jewish people" (the British) and "Jew haters" (the nazis believing that the former needed to be defeated and the latter manipulated. Citation needed In 1940, the idea of the final Solution was still "unthinkable and Stern believed that Hitler wanted to make germany judenrein through emigration, as opposed to extermination. 26 27 In December 1940, lehi even contacted Germany with a proposal to aid German conquest in the middle east in return for recognition of a jewish state open to unlimited immigration. 26 goals and methods Lehi commemoration in Petah tikva. Half-clenched fist, in reference to Psalms 137:5.
28 Lehi had three main goals: to bring together all those interested in liberation (that is, those willing to join in active fighting against the British). To appear before the world as the only active jewish military organization. To take over Eretz yisrael (the land of Israel) by armed force. 29 Lehi believed in its early years that its goals would be achieved by finding a strong international ally that would expel the British from Palestine, in return for Jewish military help; this would require the creation of a broad and organised military force "demonstrating. 31 An article titled "Terror" in the lehi underground newspaper he khazit ( The Front ) argued as follows: neither Jewish ethics nor Jewish tradition can disqualify terrorism as a means of combat. We are very far from having any moral qualms as far as our national war goes. We have before us the command of the torah, whose morality surpasses that of any other body of laws in the world: "Ye shall blot them out to the last man." But first and foremost, terrorism is for us a part of the political battle. We are particularly far from this sort of hesitation in regard to an enemy whose moral perversion is admitted by all. 32 The article described the goals of terror: It demonstrates.
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The Irgun suspended its underground military activities against the father's British for the duration of the war. Stern argued that the time for zionist diplomacy was over and that it was time for armed struggle against the British. Like other zionists, he objected to the White paper of 1939, which restricted both Jewish immigration and Jewish land purchases in Palestine. For Stern, "no difference existed between Hitler and Chamberlain, between Dachau or Buchenwald and sealing the gates of Eretz Israel." 26 Stern wanted to open Palestine to all Jewish refugees from Europe, and considered this as by far the most important issue of the day. Britain would not allow this. Therefore, he concluded, the yishuv (Jews of Palestine) should fight the British rather than support them in the war. When the Irgun made a truce with the British, Stern left the Irgun to form his own group, which he called Irgun Tsvai leumi b'yisrael national Military Organization in Israel later Lohamei herut Israel fighters for the Freedom of Israel. In September 1940, the organization was officially named "Lehi the hebrew acronym of the latter name.
21 On, the government of Israel, having inducted its activist members into the Israel Defense forces, formally disbanded Lehi, though some of its members carried out one more terrorist act, the assassination of Folke bernadotte some months later, 22 an act condemned by bernadotte's replacement. 23 After the assassination, the new Israeli government declared plan Lehi a terrorist organization, arresting and convicting some 200 members. 24 Just before the first Israeli elections, 24 a general amnesty to lehi members was granted by the government, on 14 February 1949. In 1980, Israel instituted a military decoration, an "award for activity in the struggle for the establishment of Israel the lehi ribbon. 25 Former Lehi leader Yitzhak shamir became Prime minister of Israel in 1983. Contents founding of Lehi lehi was created in August 1940 by avraham Stern. 16 Stern had been a member of the Irgun ( Irgun Tsvai leumi "National Military Organization high command. Zeev jabotinsky, then the Irgun's supreme commander, had decided that diplomacy and working with Britain would best serve the zionist cause. World War ii was in progress, and Britain was fighting nazi germany.
enemy of the jews than Britain, lehi twice attempted to form an alliance with the nazis. 2 During World War ii, it declared that it would establish a jewish state based upon " nationalist and totalitarian principles". 2 19 After Stern's death in 1942, the new leadership of Lehi began to move it towards support for Joseph Stalin 's soviet Union. 1 In 1944, lehi officially declared its support for National Bolshevism. 6 It said that its National Bolshevism involved an amalgamation of left-wing and right-wing political elements Stern said Lehi incorporated elements of both the left and the right 2 however this change was unpopular and Lehi began to lose support as a result. 20 Lehi and the Irgun were jointly responsible for the massacre in deir Yassin. Lehi assassinated Lord moyne, british Minister Resident in the middle east, and made many other attacks on the British in Palestine.
Eu data subject Requests. Lehi statement (Hebrew pronunciation: leχi ; Hebrew : lohamei herut Israel lehi, "Fighters for the Freedom of Israel lehi often known pejoratively as the. Stern Gang, was a, zionist paramilitary organization founded by, avraham yair Stern in, mandatory palestine. Its avowed aim was to evict the British authorities from Palestine by resort to force, allowing unrestricted immigration of, jews and the formation of a jewish state, a "new totalitarian Hebrew republic". 15, it was initially called the, national Military Organization in Israel, 1 upon being founded in August 1940, but was renamed Lehi one month later. According to jean. Rosenfeld, the group admitted to having used terrorist attacks. 17 18, lehi split from the, irgun militant group in 1940 in order to continue fighting the British during.
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