But how do you do research on composition? The professors who taught math could be required to do original math, the professors who taught history could be required to write scholarly articles about history, but what about the professors who taught rhetoric or composition? What should they do research on? The closest thing seemed to be English literature. 3 And so in the late 19th century the teaching of writing was inherited by English professors. This had two drawbacks: (a) an expert on literature need not himself be a good writer, any more than an art historian has to be a good painter, and (b) the subject of writing now tends to be literature, since that's what the professor. High schools imitate universities. The seeds of our miserable high school experiences were sown in 1892, when the national Education Association "formally recommended that literature and composition be unified in the high school course." 4 The 'riting component of the 3 Rs then morphed into English, with the bizarre.
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And so began the study of dissertation modern literature. There was a good deal of resistance at first. The first courses in English literature seem to have been offered by the newer colleges, particularly American ones. Dartmouth, the University of Vermont, Amherst, and University college, london taught English literature in the 1820s. But Harvard didn't have a professor of English literature until 1876, and Oxford not till 1885. (Oxford had a chair of Chinese before it had one of English.) 2 What tipped the scales, at least in the us, seems to have been the idea that professors should do research as well as teach. This idea (along with the PhD, the department, and indeed the whole concept of the modern university) was imported from Germany in the late 19th century. Beginning at Johns Hopkins in 1876, the new model spread rapidly. Writing was one of the casualties. Colleges had long taught English composition.
European scholarship gained momentum it became less and less important; by 1350 someone who wanted to learn about science could find better teachers than Aristotle in his own era. But schools change slower than scholarship. In the 19th century the study of ancient texts was still the backbone of the curriculum. The time was then ripe for the question: if the study of ancient texts is a valid field for scholarship, why not modern texts? The answer, of course, is that the original raison d'etre of classical scholarship was a kind reviews of intellectual archaeology that does not need to be done in the case of contemporary authors. But for obvious reasons no one wanted to give that answer. The archaeological work being mostly done, it implied that those studying the classics were, if not wasting their time, at least working on problems of minor importance.
Who cares about symbolism in Dickens? Dickens himself would be more interested in an essay about color or baseball. How did things get this way? To answer that we have to go back almost a thousand years. Around 1100, europe at last began to catch its breath after centuries of chaos, and once they had the luxury of curiosity they rediscovered what we call "the classics." The effect was rather as if we were visited by beings from another solar system. These earlier civilizations were so much more sophisticated that for write the next several centuries the main work. European scholars, in almost every field, was to assimilate what they knew. During this period the study of ancient texts acquired great prestige. It seemed the essence of what scholars did.
Topic sentence, introductory paragraph, supporting paragraphs, conclusion. The conclusion being, say, that Ahab in, moby dick was a christ-like figure. So i'm going to try to give the other side of the story: what an essay really is, and how you write one. Or at least, how I write one. The most obvious difference between real essays and the things one has to write in school is that real essays are not exclusively about English literature. Certainly schools should teach students how to write. But due to a series of historical accidents the teaching of writing has gotten mixed together with the study of literature. And so all over the country students are writing not about how a baseball team with a small budget might compete with the yankees, or the role of color in fashion, or what constitutes a good dessert, but about symbolism in Dickens. With the result that writing is made to seem boring and pointless.
Department art illustration essay the
2 poe wanted the reader to see and feel real life. 3 he used concrete imagery rather than vague abstract words to describe settings and people. 4 If Edgar Allan poe was one of Stephen King's teachers, then readers of King owe a debt of gratitude to that nineteenth-century creator of horror stories. The first sentence of the concluding paragraph uses the principal words from the"tions from each paragraph of the body of the paper. This summarizes those three paragraph. The second and third sentences provide observations which can also be considered a summary, not only of the content of the paper, but also offers personal opinion which was logically drawn as the result of this study. The last sentence returns to the Edgar Allan poe-stephen King relationship which began this paper.
This sentence also provides a "wrap-up" and gives the paper a sense wallpaper of finality. Quot;tion 28911 from, classic"s : poverty is the parent of revolution and crime. Your"tions Page, essay you must be a registered user to use this feature. Log in using the form to the left, or register as a new user. Email this" to a friend. You must be a registered user to use this feature. September 2004, remember the essays you had to write in high school?
Note that in the second paragraph "feeling" came first, and in this paragraph "sight" comes first. The first sentence also includes the topic for this paragraph-imagery in a dynamic scene. Again, a"tion is taken from the story, and it is briefly discussed. The last sentence uses the words "one blind eye" which was in the"tion. This expression provides the transitional hook for the last paragraph in the body of the paper. 1 The reader does not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye.
2 In the second paragraph of "The tell-Tale heart poe establishes the young man's obsession with that blind eye when he writes: "He had the eye of the vulture-a pale blue eye, with a film over." 3 This "vulture eye" is evoked over and. 4 His use of the vivid, concrete word "vulture" establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable. In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph (third paragraph in the body), "one blind eye" is used that hooks into the previous paragraph. This first sentence also lets the reader know that this paragraph will deal with descriptions of people: ". What the old man looks like." Once again poe is"d and discussed. The last sentence uses the word "image" which hooks into the last paragraph. (It is less important that this paragraph has a hook since the last paragraph is going to include a summary of the body of the paper.) 1 "Thick darkness "thread of the spider and "vulture eye" are three images that poe used in "The tell-Tale.
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1, the sense of sight, the primary sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. In "The tell-Tale heart poe uses the following image to describe a static scene: "His room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness." poe used the words "black "pitch and "thick darkness" not only to show the reader the condition of the old. In the first sentence of the second paragraph (first paragraph of the body) the words "sense" and "manipulation" are used to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph. The first part of the second sentence provides the topic for this paragraph-imagery in a static scene. Then a"tion from "The tell-Tale heart" is presented and briefly discussed. The last sentence of this paragraph uses the expressions "sense of feeling" type and "sense of sight" as hooks for leading into the third paragraph. 1, further on in the story, poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but also the sense of feeling to describe a dynamic scene. 2, the youth in the story has been standing in the open doorway of the old man's room for a long time, waiting for just the right moment to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. 3 poe writes: "so i opened it the lantern opening-you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily-until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye." 4 by using the metaphor.
5, in "The tell-Tale heart a careful reader can observe poe's skillful manipulation of the senses. The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader's attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement (sentence 3) presents topic of the paper to the reader and master provides a mini- outline. The topic is poe's use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present poe's use of imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description of static setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3) description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words "manipulation" and "senses" as transitional hooks.
language or language that "echoes" the original language. (The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.) a summary of the three main points from the body of the paper. A final statement that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. (This final statement may be a "call to action" in an persuasive paper.). A sample paper 1, stephen King, creator of such stories. Carrie and, pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that. 2, poe, as does Stephen King, fills the reader's imagination with the images that he wishes the reader to see, hear, and feel. 3, his use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe people is part of his technique. 4, poe's short story "The tell-Tale heart" is a story about a young man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, then goes mad when he thinks he hears the old man's heart beating beneath the floor boards under his.
The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include pdf a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body. Body second paragraph: The second paragraph of the body should contain the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body. Body third paragraph: The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper.
Five paragraph essay the pearl
A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing an thesis essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills. The following material is adapted from a handout prepared by harry livermore for his high school English classes at cook high School in Adel, georgia. It is used here with his permission. Introduction: Introductory paragraph, see, first, Writing Introductory paragraphs for different ways of getting your reader involved in your essay. The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader what the essay is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional "hook" which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper. Body: Body first paragraph: The first paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the "reverse hook" which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph.