Demand High cost of feed, high food inflation, ban by Oman poultry business is deeply affected, most poultry farmers are selling below production cost and making losses. 1: poultry development Scheme 100 centrally sponsored. By department of Animal Husbandry dairying fisheries (dadf) under Agro ministry. Has three components Assistance to State poultry farms One time assistance is provided to strengthen poultry farms. For buying/upgrading hatchery, brooding and rearing houses, laying houses for birds, in-house disease diagnostic facilities and feed analysis laboratory. Rural Backyard poultry development poultry given to bpl families supplementary income nutritional support. Poultry Estates In these poultry estates, entrepreneurship skills given to educated, unemployed youth and small farmers, so they start poultry related business-activities.
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Lack of chilling facilities immediate bacterial attack. Lengthy farm-to-slaughter time no cold storage dehydration shriveled/bad quality meat. Improper ventilation and space for storing live chicken droppings / feed / feathers spread bacteria. Slaughter waste generated per day in Mumbai alone is about 150 tons. Solution ban street side slaughter of all animals rigorous food inspection of all such shops, just like in developed countries. Taxation and Smuggling Kerala imposes 13 vat on chicken On the other hand Tamilnadu has exempted meat, fish eggs, poultry and livestock from vat. Result: Smuggling of chicken from Tamilnadu to kerala revenue loss to government Solution: uniform gst all over India. Export oct 12 who confirms bird flu outbreak in government-run turkey farm at Hesaraghatta, karnataka, nov 12 Oman, the biggest egg plan export market for India, bans import of eggs and chicken from India because of bird flu news. Jun resume 13 Oman has lifted the ban on importing poultry products from India, but with condition that an Indian company must get its premises and husbandry procedures verified by Omani officials t in during this ban time, the Omani hotels, businessmen made import-contracts with Brazil. So, even after the ban is lifted, we are not seeing much high demand from Oman.
Saguna foods and Venkys. Farmers provided with feed, medicines and bird growing fee. Some companies have state of the art processing plants located close to cities. But this contract farming model has still under developed in the remaining parts of India. Poultry processing capacity India 25,000 birds per hour but, average utilization is barely. Because several of the operating units are run by small and unorganized players. The only big players roles in Indian Chicken business Venkys, godrej, Arambagh and Suguna. Poultry hygiene At Retail level, chicken are slaughtered on street side shops/hotels by untrained people. Clean water not used for washing contamination poor hygiene practices in defeathering, chopping, removal of viscera etc.
About 90 veterinary workforce of India has been trained to combat bird flu. Culling of entire poultry population in the affected zone of 0-1 Km Upgraded laboratories, stockpiled materials, medicines etc. Bio-safety labs setup @Jalandhar, kolkata, bangalore bareilly. Education and Communication (IEC) campaigns to sensitize general public All the state governments have been alerted to be vigilant about the outbreak of the disease. Government has banned imports of poultry from bird flu positive countries. (and Oman banned our poultry exports, so tit for tat, the circle of karma is complete.) government has alerted Border check posts with neighboring countries to stop transport of live-birds/eggs/chicken. Contract Farming Contract Farming prevalent in southern India for poultry business.
Meat poultry supply Chain management : Upstream
Since many poor families raise poultry in backyard dont maintain hygiene standardsflu outbreak. This not only hurts the family but alumni also commercial players, because foreign countries will impose ban on import of Indian egg/chicken because of the bird flu news. Influenza virus has two components haemagglutinin (H) Protein found on the surface of influenza viruses. Which is responsible for binding the virus to the victim-cell neuraminidase (N) Enzyme found on the surface of influenza viruses. There are multiple varieties of (H) and (n and based on their combination in the given virus, scientists name it H5N1, H5N2 etc. Avian flu Swine Flu bird Pigs H5N1 h2N1 Two types of avian influenza lpai hpai low capacity for causing disease (low pathogenic avian influenza or lpai) causes disease very easily (highly pathogenic avian influenza or hpai) Species affected Migratory water fowl One type of wild.
Wild birds may carry H5N1 from one area to another through the process of migration. Poultry flocks (chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese) virus can spread rapidly through contact between a sick bird and a healthy bird. Unhygienic conditions at poultry-farms, rice paddy fields mixing of sick and healthy birdsdisease transfer. This virus causes a high mortality rate. Even healthy birds have to be culled to prevent further spread of virus. Over the years, H5N1 virus has infected numerous birds in Asia, europe, america and Africa. Cats, tigers, leopards found to be affected by avian influenza, after eating raw infected birds Human Disease can also affect humans but only after eating poultry meat that has not been cooked properly or after very close contact between a person and an affected rst.
Lets observe the constrains- maize (Poultry-feed) poultry feed constitutes almost 60-70 of the total broiler cost. Therefore, fluctuations in the prices of maize, soybeans/oilmeals significantly affect input cost in poultry business. Maize consumption by the animal feed sector (which accounts for almost 50 of maize consumption) has been growing much faster than maize production. Maize is primarily a rain-fed crop, the annual production level is dependent on monsoons fluctuations in production level (and therefore fluctuation in price level). Government offers better msp for rice and wheat. Hence farmers prefer rice/wheat over maize cultivation.
December-April period, maize is grown only in a small region in Eastern India high feed prices for North East poultry business. Adding insult to the injury: Indian exports of maize to bangladesh, nepal and other countries have been rising exponentially. These countries do not have significant domestic maize production, yet their poultry industry is growing rapidly. (Meaning, bangleshi and Nepali are using Indian maize to improve their poultry business, while Indian poultry farmers are struggling.) After the outbreak of bird flu, ( inflation desi customers decreased egg/chicken consumptions and foreign countries also imposed ban on Indian poultry. As a result, most poultry farmers are making losses. Government needs to address this inconsistency in its policy on maize and poultry rearing. Avian Influenza outbreak of avian influence (commonly known as bird flu) culling of poultry fall in demand hurt the business.
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Feed company has Indias largest feedmill near Bangalore. They supply their own scientifically manufactured feed to those contract farmers. Training sagunas experts make regular field trips and train the farmers on how to raise poultry in a scientific-efficient manner. As a result of 123, all chicken/eggs are uniform in size, shape and quality. Processing haccp certified, good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) certified processing plant at coimbatore. Can process 35000 birds per day and export 1500 metric tonnes chicken per month. Company has implemented Enterprise resource Planning (ERP) system, entire plan can be monitored from a single computer. Another big fuller player with similar backward owl integration is Venkys (Pune based company supplies Chicken to Indian outlets of McDonalds, kfc, pizza hut, and Dominos. But just two cinderella stories doesnt mean everything is well and good with Indian poultry business.
Fully integrated/organized players control over 95 market Namakkal District in TN: Largest egg production zone in the country accounts for more than 95 egg exports from India produces more than 3 crore eggs daily (but recently hit hard by ban from Oman.) north contract farming. No concentration of production. East no concentration of production Only 1 integrated player- Arambagh High cost of maize feed, transport problems hampered the growth of organized poultry farming. West production concentrated around Pune. G Venkys few integrated and semi integrated players click to enlarge big paperless poultry companies have backward integration. Lets observe the case study of Saguna foods upstream contract farming agreement with more than 20000 farmers in 16 states. Medicine company has its own pharma division. They provide are anti-bacterial, antibiotics, vitamins, mineral supplements etc. To those contract farmers.
: food processing and related industries in India for poultry and buffalo meat After this, only one and last article remains in food processing: tea, coffee, wine, edible oil and confectionary. Poultry business has potential to grow because: There is no religious sentiment associated with poultry.(unlike beef or pork) It takes far less feed to produce a kilo of chicken than the equivalent amount of pork or beef. Many youngsters becoming non-vegetarian under the influence of advertisements. Consumer studies from other countries say when vegetarians choose to convert to non-vegetarianism, they first experiment with poultry before trying other meat products. Increasing prosperity in emerging markets people can afford to put more meat on the table. Contribution to economy: meat: more than.80,000 cr Eggs/Poultry: more than.17,000 cr (and export 450 crore) Backyard poultry provides cheap protein nutrition and side income to poor families. Per capita availability of eggs 55 per year region characteristic south contract farming for poultry well-developed Production concentrated around coimbatore.
Veterinary council of India, gS2: government policies and interventions for development in various sectors fodder points that lack of clear policy on buffalo meat revelation hampers the growth of meat industries. Non implementation of gst hurts Keralas poultry sector. GS2: Bilateral agreements involving India and/or affecting Indias interests. Fodder point that China has agreed to allow meat import from India. (earlier it was banned because of diseases). GS2: Effect of policies and politics of developing countries on Indias interests fodder point that Omans ban on Indian poultry has badly affected our business. GS3: economics of animal-rearing Plenty of fodder points on poultry and buffalo meat.
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Prologue, poultry: Scope/significance, locations- poultry business, poultry supply chain backward Integration email protected. Maize (Poultry-feed avian Influenza, contract Farming @Processing @Downstream, poultry hygiene, taxation and Smuggling. Schemes for poultry 1: poultry development Scheme 2: poultry venture capital Fund 3: Central poultry development organizations, national livestock mission presentation (NLM). Meat: Scope/Significance, meat email protected 1: livestock markets 2: Buffalo Slaughter Policy @Processing level @Downstream, government Schemes for meat/livestock, conservation of Threatened Breeds of livestock. Abattoir modernization, national Mission for Protein Supplement (nmps). Disease eradication schemes, token Schemes by nabard 1: Salvaging and rearing of male buffalo calves 2: Slaughterhouses @small towns 3: Utilization of Fallen Animals, misc. Org, mock questions, previous article was on fisheries, now comes meat/poultry. Upsc syllabus topics in this article prelims avian influenza related mcq under sci-tech. GS2: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.